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Spirit of Remembrance - Opening the Gates of History
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The Origin of the Poppy

About Us - Who is Spirit of Remembrance

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WW1 - Escadrille de Lafayette

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WW1: World War 1 Tours

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WW1: Alvin (Sergeant) York

WW1: Meuse-Argonne Cemetery

US World War 1 Centennial Commission

World War 2 - ETO - European Theatre

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World War 2: The Ardennes (Bulge)

World War 2: Audie Murphy

World War 2: USAAF 8th Air Force

Duxford WW2 Airbase England

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WW2 - 70th Anniversary D-Day Pictures

The Cost and the Courage

The Cold War and Beyond

Medal of Honour

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World War 1:  Set Departure Tours: Europe: America in World War 1

 SPIRIT OF REMEMBRANCE 2016 TOURS

AMERICAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCE (AEF) IN THE GREAT WAR (WW1) Tour Code: TBA
World War I was the first time in American history that the United States sent soldiers abroad to defend foreign soil. On 6th of April 1917, when the United States declared war against Germany, the nation had a standing army of 127,500 officers and soldiers. By the end of the war, four million men had served in the United States Army, with an additional 800,000 in other military service branches.

General John Joseph "Black Jack" Pershing was designated the supreme commander of the American army in France, and the American Expeditionary Forces (AEF) were created.

Throughout 1917 and into 1918, American divisions were usually employed to augment French and British units in defending their lines and in staging attacks on German positions.  Beginning in May 1918, with the first United States victory at Cantigny, AEF commanders increasingly assumed sole control of American forces in combat. By July 1918, French forces often were assigned to support AEF operations.

During the Battle of St. Mihiel, beginning on th 12th of September 1918, Pershing commanded the American First Army, comprising seven divisions and more than 500,000 men, in the largest offensive operation ever undertaken by United States armed forces. This successful offensive was followed by the Battle of Argonne, lasting from the 27th of September to 6th of October 1918, during which Pershing commanded more than one million American and French soldiers. In these two military operations, Allied forces recovered more than two hundred square miles of French territory from the German army.

Itinerary:
The Flanders Poppy - The Spirit of Remembrance Day 1
Start location: Paris
Travel Paris to Verdun (2hr 45min) via Belleau Wood (on route) and view the actions of the US Marines (4th Brigade, 2nd US Infantry Division) and possibly other actions during the WW1 Second Battle of the Marne.
Overnight Accomodation: Verdun

The Flanders Poppy - The Spirit of Remembrance Day 2
WW1 Battle of St Mihiel Saliant 12-16 Sep 1918 - The attack at the St. Mihiel Salient was part of a plan by Gen Pershing in which he hoped that the United States would break through the German lines and capture the fortified city of Metz. It was one of the first United States solo offensives in World War I and the attack caught the Germans in the process of retreating and the American attack proved more successful than expected.

The Flanders Poppy - The Spirit of Remembrance Highlights:
Overview of the battle, first AEF offensive operation, Col Patton and the first use of tanks by the AEF
Visit sights around the battlefield including the American Monument at Montsec and finishing at the US St Mihiel Cemetery.
Overnight Accomodation: Verdun

The Flanders Poppy - The Spirit of Remembrance Day 3
Battle of Verdun Feb – Dec 1916 - The Battle of Verdun in 1916 was the longest single battle of World War One. The casualties from Verdun and the impact the battle had on the French Army was a primary reason for the British starting the Battle of the Somme in July 1916 in an effort to take German pressure off of the French at Verdun. The Battle of Verdun started on February 21st 1916 and ended on December 16th in 1916. It was to make General Philippe Pétain a hero in France.

Highlights:
Overview of the battle in 1916 with visit the sights including Forts Vaux and Douaumont and the Douaumont National Cemetery and Ossuary
Overnight Accomodation: Verdun

The Flanders Poppy - The Spirit of Remembrance Day 4
WW1 AEF (American Expeditionary Forces) and the Battle of Meuse–Argonne 26 Sep 1918 – 20 Oct 1918 – The Meuse-Argonne Offensive was a part of the final Allied offensive of World War I that stretched along the entire Western Front. It was fought from September 26, 1918, until the Armistice on November 11, a total of 47 days.

The battle was the largest in United States military history and was the largest frontline commitment of troops by the U.S. Army in World War I, and also it's deadliest. It involved 1.2 million American soldiers of whom the AEF lost 26,277 killed and 95,786 wounded, and all this in only a 6 week period. To this day it remains the greatest loss of men in any war or battle that American forces have fought in.

The Meuse-Argonne Offensive was a very complex operation involving a majority of the American ground forces having to fight upwards through rough, hilly terrain that the German army had spent four years in building up their fortifications into virtually impregnable defensive positions. The battle objectives was the capture of the railroads at Sedan which would break the rail net supporting the German Army in France and Flanders and force the enemy's withdrawal from the occupied territories.

The Meuse-Argonne was the principal engagement of the American Expeditionary Forces during the First World War. It was during the offensive (October 8) that Corporal (later Sergeant) Alvin York made his famous capture of 132 German prisoners near Cornay.
Overnight Accommodation: Verdun OR:
Travel back to Paris (2hr 30 Min) late PM

The Flanders Poppy - The Spirit of Remembrance Highlights:
Overview of the battle, largest single battle fought by the AEF (US 1st Army)
Visit the sights of the battle to include the Lost Battalion, 1st Div Memorial, Sgt York MOH site and US Meuse- Argonne Cemetery (US Pilot Frank Luke Jnr. MOH buried here)

The Flanders Poppy - The Spirit of RemembranceDay 5
Travel back to Paris AM

The Flanders Poppy - The Spirit of Remembrance The Flanders Poppy - The Spirit of Remembrance Small Group Tour:
Your guide: Brian Shaw
Cost: TBA Per Person (based on twin / double share)
Single Supplement: TBA
Dates: TBA: July-September 2016

(Costs and dates to be finalised early 2016)

 

 Our other Spirit of Remembrance Battlefield & Remembrance Websites:

 Platinum Battlefield  ToursBattlefield Tours UK: Battlefield Tours Canada: Battlefield Tours New Zealand: Battlefield Tours Australia: Anzac Day Australia: Spirit of Paris